Studio 20

The Shape of Wine

Alberto Pugnale and Samuel Lalo

This studio is available to students enrolled in ABPL90142 Studio C, ABPL90143 Studio D, and ABPL90115 Studio E.

Studio Description

In free-form architecture, the adjective “free” indicates the freedom to create architectural forms, irrespective of any composition, static or construction principle. Form-resistant structures offer an opportunity to control such freedom through a unique creative-generative process that builds on the legacy of iconic works by, among others, Heinz Isler, Frei Otto and Jörg Schlaich.

In this framework, this 2nd edition of The Shape of Wine will continues the research into the design-to-construction working methods for shell and spatial structures, which aims to synthesise the virtual and the real by means of both physical form-finding and numerical optimisation models.

Students will explore the spatial and tectonic qualities of form-resistant structures by designing a winery in regional Victoria, therefore answering to the question: “What is the shape of wine?”

Studio Outcomes

WEEKS 1-4: Weekly workshops to familiarise with the concepts of form-finding, optimisation, detailing and fabrication of shell and spatial structures. By the end of week 4, students are expected to be able to:

  1. generate and explore free-form geometries using Rhinoceros;
  2. define Grasshopper routines for design automation, such as for surface discretisation and panelling;
  3. perform FEM analyses using Karamba;
  4. prepare 3D digital models for fabrication through laser cutting, 3D printing and other digital fabrication techniques.

WEEKS 5-12: Design of a winery in regional Victoria. By the end of week 12, students are expected to be able to:

  1. communicate design ideas and propositions through a variety of media, including diagrams, renders and other techniques;
  2. present their work verbally to an external panel of architects and engineers;
  3. design and prototype a shell or another spatial structure at different scales (1:200 to 1:1).

ESSENTIAL PREREQUISITES: Foundations of computational design thinking and analytical thinking. Competency in Rhinoceros and Grasshopper. Strong attention to detail.

Studio Leaders

Dr Alberto Pugnale is an architect and Senior Lecturer in Architectural Design at ABP. He is the Academic Convenor of the Hallmark Research Initiative (HRI) on Bioinspiration and the Pathway Coordinator of the Architecture Major – Bachelor of Design. In 2007, he won the HANGAI Prize, an international contest of research papers that are related to the field of shell and spatial structures for young researchers under 30. He has taught in Italy, Denmark, France, and China. He is member of the “International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures” (IASS). He sits on the Editorial Board of the “Nexus Network Journal” and the “International Journal of Space Structures”.

Samuel Lalo is an architect and Senior Tutor in Digital Design at the ABP. His areas of specialty include but are not limited to digital design, design visualization and interplanetary design processes. His background comes from years of research at the University of Tokyo where he developed new digital fabrication and construction methods with Prof. Yusuke Obuchi and Kengo Kuma. Recent research follows the topics of “Symbiotic Landscape Design through Environmental and Animal Computation” as well as “Socially Integrated 3D regolith printing for interstellar settlements”. He has taught over the last seven years at the University of Melbourne, Swinburne University, University of Tokyo and Keio University across a wide variety of units.

Readings & References

  • Adriaenssens S., Block P., Veenendaal D., Williams C., Shell Structures for Architecture: Form Finding and Optimization, Routledge, 2014.
  • Engel H., Structure Systems, 3rd edition, 2007 (1967).
  • Holgate A.,The Art of Structural Engineering. The work of Jörg Schlaich and his Team, Axel Menges, Stuttgart, London, 1997.
  • McLean W., Structural engineering for Architects: A Handbook, Laurence King Publishing, 2014.
  • Menges A., Material Computation, Architectural Design, March/April 2012.
  • Nerdinger W., Frei Otto. Complete Works: Lightweight Construction - Natural Design, 2005.
  • Oxman Ri., Oxman Ro.,The new structuralism, Architectural Design, July/August 2010.
  • Peters B. and De Kestelier (Eds), Computation Works: The Building of Algorithmic Thought, Architectural Design, March/April 2013.
  • Tedeschi A., AAD Algorithms-Aided Design, Le Penseur, 2014.

Further references will be provided during the semester.

Schedule Tuesdays and Fridays 15:15-18:15

Contact Handbook

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